Review of Environment, Energy and Economics - Re3 What are the New Challenges and Opportunities for European Gas Markets?
 

 

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Feb
11
2016
 
What are the New Challenges and Opportunities for European Gas Markets?
Laura Cozzi, Mahmood Khaghani, Ludwig Moehring, Mehmet Ogutcu, Francis Perrin, Georg Zachmann
Energy - Interviews
 

Gas represents a pivotal element of the European energy architecture. Covering about a quarter of Europe's total primary energy supply, it indeed represents the second-largest fuel in the European energy mix after oil.

European gas markets are rapidly changing due to political, commercial and geopolitical evolutions. The still-uncertain role of gas in the European energy mix after COP-21, the evolution of the EU Energy Union, EU-Russia gas relations in the aftermath of the Ukraine crisis, the new dynamics of the global LNG market and the new supply potential for Europe emerging in areas such as the Eastern Mediterranean, are just a few examples of these ongoing dynamics.

In this shifting context, both new challenges and new opportunities are emerging for Europe. A clear understanding of these new realities is a fundamental prerequisite to ensure the adoption of the right decisions in both European private and public policy circles.

The following interviews to leading energy experts shed light on the most relevant challenges and opportunities for European gas markets, not only by providing a clear snapshot of the current situation but also by providing a potential way forward.
The interviews were made on the occasion of the fourth edition of FEEM's annual "Gas Talks" (Milan, December 15-16, 2015).

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INTERVIEW

Laura Cozzi, International Energy Agency (IEA)

Impact on the energy sector of the agreement adopted in Paris at COP 21 and role of gas in the EU energy system

Question 1. What will be the impact of the COP21 agreement on the energy sector?

Question 2.  What will be the impact of the COP21 agreement on gas?

Question 3.  How do you see the role of gas in the EU energy system?

 

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INTERVIEW

Mahmood Khaghani, formerly National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC)

Iran’s role in the energy sector after the nuclear deal

Question 1. How do you see the future of the Iranian energy sector after the nuclear deal?

Question 2. Does Iran have a gas export strategy?

Question 3. Can Iran become a gas partner to the EU?

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INTERVIEW

Ludwig Moehring, Wingas

Germany’s contribution to decarbonization and the long term role of gas in a decarbonized world

Question 1. In Paris, the world has reached a major milestone towards climate change last weekend – do you still see a long term role for gas in a decarbonized world?

Question 2. Given your role in a German based gas company, how do you see Germany’s contribution to decarbonization so far? Are they a role model for others inside or outside the EU?

Question 3. As a Gazprom affiliate, WINGAS is predominantly selling Russian gas. With gas prices falling and a lot of LNG knocking on the EU’s door, what is the role of pipeline gas in the future? 

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INTERVIEW

Mehmet Ogutcu, Bosphorus Energy Club

Role of Turkey in regional gas markets and impact of Turkey-Russia political standoff on bilateral natural gas relations

Question 1. How do you see the role of Turkey in the regional gas markets?

Question 2. Will the current political standoff between Turkey and Russia affect bilateral natural gas relations?

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INTERVIEW

Francis Perrin, Stratégies et Politiques Energétiques (SPE)

Key challenges and opportunities for MENA energy markets: the impact of ISIS and the comeback of Iran

Question 1. What are the key challenges and opportunities for MENA energy markets?

Question 2.What will be the impact of ISIS on the regional energy markets?

Question 3. How do you see Iran’s comeback into world energy markets?

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INTERVIEW

Georg Zachmann, Bruegel

Ukraine's gas outlook and EU Energy Union initiative in relation to gas security of supply

Question 1. How do you see Ukraine's gas outlook in the short and medium term?

Question 2. What's the state of the EU Energy Union initiative in relation to gas security of supply?



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Laura Cozzi, Head, Directorate for Global Energy Economics, International Energy Agency (IEA)

Mahmood Khaghani, former Director General, National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC)

Ludwig Moehring, Managing Director, Wingas

Mehmet Ogutcu, Chairman, Bosphorus Energy Club

Francis Perrin, President, Stratégies et Politiques Energétiques (SPE)

Georg Zachmann, Senior Fellow, Bruegel
   
 
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