Energy has always been linked to the history of mankind and human development. Nevertheless, universal access to energy was not included in the Millennium Development Goals. A Global Thematic Consultation on Energy was thus started to conduct a multi-stakeholder dialogue at global level aimed at placing energy firmly at the heart of the United Nations Post 2015 Development Agenda. This is the spirit that inspired the organization of the international workshop on “Energy Poverty and Energy Access: Global Challenges and Goals” by Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM) and Fondazione Giangiacomo Feltrinelli (FGF) within the LabExpo Project, in collaboration with eni, on July 10-11, 2014. The publication presented here is the outcome of the cooperation among FEEM, FGF, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore and Politecnico di Milano, based on the contributions and proposals presented by the experts during the workshop.
Global Challenges, Integrated Solutions: A Cooperation Matrix Against Energy Poverty, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, Fondazione Giangiacomo Feltrinelli within the LABExpo Project and Prof. Emanuela Colombo from Energy Department of Politecnico of Milan, 2014.
Editors: Jacopo Bonan (Catholic University of Milan and LabExpo), Emanuela Colombo (Energy Department, Politecnico of Milan) and Stefano Russo (Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei)
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Energy is a key condition to guarantee access to clean water, sanitation, schooling and business in developing countries. Nevertheless, universal access to modern energy was not included in the list of the Millennium Development Goals, hence, its identification as the Missing MDG. In the last 15 years, the relevance of energy in the global scenario has risen and today its role in fighting poverty is clear: energy drives human progress, and the benefits of modern energy services need to be available for all.
This concept has moved Energy to the top of the development agenda with the launch of the UN’s Sustainable Energy for All initiative in 2010 and the identification of a specific commitment by the International Community, during the International Year for Sustainable Energy for All (2012) and within the Rio+20 Conference.
Thus, the centrality of energy has been universally recognized and has led to the design, in the United Nations post-2015 Development Agenda, of a specific related Goal, which includes access, efficiency and renewable energies penetration as well as the three dimensions of economy, environmental and social sustainability. Within this complex ensemble of objectives, the joint cooperation and synergies between the private and public sectors, including civil society and the academia will be central to achieve such ambitious goals.
This is the spirit that inspired the organization of the international workshop on “Energy Poverty and Energy Access: global challenges and goals" which gathered together in Milan on July 10-11 2014 a number of representatives from the academia, international organizations, private sector actors and NGOs, with the aim of generating new insights and concrete policy recommendations.
The two main goals of the workshop were to investigate in depth and understand the impact of access to modern energy services on development and identify the best ways to implement effective policy and interventions, find best practices and possible strategies of cooperation among the different actors in improving energy access.
Structure of the book
This publication sums up and analyses the contents of the workshop, and it also contains its main achievements. The structure of the book thus reflects the organization of the two working days.
The first section of the publication summarizes the presentations given during the first day of the workshop. It outlines the dimensions and scenarios for energy poverty, its impacts and consequences on several aspects such as poverty, household welfare, productivity and business. Case studies and best practices are also presented.
The second section is focused on the results obtained in the second day of the workshop during the closed-door round table. The experts used a participatory approach to disaggregate the problems and dimensions of access to energy and fitted them into a Policy Recommendations and International Expert Suggestion Matrix (PRISMA).
The Matrix reports the main players which have a specific role within the frame of access to energy in the columns, while the rows report the key dimensions of the problem identified at the end of the debate.
Whom This Book is For
The aim of this document is to give guidance to all the actors called upon to provide their contribution on the topic. It Is a tool for businesses in the context of public-private partnerships within the Post-2015 Agenda, which sees, for the first time, companies directly involved in the achievement of the new global development goals.
It is also a call to the rationalization and integration of interventions by international institutions and organizations, but also a hint on how to decline them, particularly in terms of approach and collaboration with local communities and organizations. Finally, it represents a stimulus for research to further investigate specific topics in order to provide a continuous scientific support for more adequate and effective initiatives in all the sectors committed to increasing access to energy.
Read the publication below.
International workshop on “Energy Poverty and Energy Access: global challenges and goals", Milan, July 10-11 2014