What is energy? Why are we so interested in energy and why is it so important? FEEM researcher Samuel Carrara answers these questions by explaining the concept of energy, the relationship between energy and economic development, and the key issues of energy availability and security, sustainable development and climate change.
Re3 publishes the interview and excerpts from the keynote speech delivered by Nobel Prize laureate Muhammad Yunus, founder of Grameen Bank, on the occasion of the workshop “Convergence between profit and not for profit to achieve sustainable value. Perspectives from the Social Enterprise World Forum 2015”, held in Milan on July 3, 2015.
Re3 is pleased to publish the full text of the Final Declaration of Religious Leaders, Political Leaders, Business Leaders, Scientists and Development Practitioners who participated in the workshop entitled "Protect the Earth, Dignify Humanity" hosted by the Pontifical Academy of Sciences of the Roman Catholic Church on April 28, 2015.
From March 14 to 18, representatives of 187 state governments and around 6,500 delegates from inter- and non-government organizations, UN entities, academic and private sector institutions gathered to debate a new international agreement on disaster risk reduction, one that would replace the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015.
On 14 January 2015 international scholars and experts convened in Milan for the International Conference on “Water and Development”. Re3 publishes a selection of the presentations showing how demographic trends, energy development and needs, the water-energy nexus, climate change, and water geostrategic challenges are all interconnected.
On February 18-20, 2015, twenty-four experts gathered in Berlin to explore approaches to improving the process by which research on climate change is assessed. Re3 publishes the memo that Carlo Carraro (FEEM), Charles Kolstad (Stanford University), and Robert Stavins (Harvard Kennedy School), have prepared drawing from the workshop.
Complex environmental problems such as climate change require both an understanding of the environmental drivers and knowledge of the feedbacks between resource dynamics and human activity. The socio-economic dynamics, in turn, call for an investigation of the behavioral drivers. A multidisciplinary approach, while not sufficient, is necessary to address complexity.
Re3 publishes the interviews with the winners of the FEEM 2014 Award, which periodically rewards new ideas and innovative research in economics by young scholars. The interviews span a wide variety of topics, from the case of Fukushima to labour market reforms and whether financial incentives affect fertility.
Focusing on water security and its link with sustainable development, the article identifies key drivers and stressors to both natural freshwater availability and national demand in the Windward Caribbean island states, evaluating how climate change and development may affect them.
The Bali agreement last December has given new hopes that the WTO is not dead. But does the announcement that negotiations on the reductions of tariffs on environmental goods are to resume really give hope? This note argues that unless the field of negotiations is widened, the initiative will not help much.
The article discusses the creation of money in primitive populations at the beginning of economic activity, within a social environment where interpersonal trust, reciprocity and moral principles were prevalent. The analysis highlights the need to create a social environment based on these values for obtaining public happiness and sustainable development.
Rachel Croson's talk at EAERE 2013 discussed the origins and current state of this behavioral policy research, and highlighted open questions and opportunities for new explorations. In this short video-interview granted to Re3, she gives a summary overview of this relatively new field of study for neophites.
What is the state of the art of environmental indicators? What are the drawbacks of past approaches, the strengths of new methodologies and challenges ahead? This article is an overview of the final conference of the Environmental Indicators Workshop (December 2013) within the EU-FP7 project e-Frame, European Framework for Measuring Progress.
The path towards sustainability needs a deep cultural change, starting with the education of responsible citizens. In her recent book “Towards a Sustainable University” Chiara Mio describes a strategic and organizational sustainability approach in the context of universities, both from an academic literature perspective and from a real case example.
The last COP19/CMP9 United Nations Climate Change Conference was held in Warsaw, Poland on 11-22 November 2013. Re3 publishes a 4-minute interview with key experts to understand the goals and main results of the meeting.
The "Methodologies and Indicators for Green Growth measurement" conference of November 12, 2013 assessed the state of the art in quantitative measurement of sustainability, and presented the updated findings of the FEEM SI Index 2013. Re3 hosts the interviews with the keynote speakers, their presentations and the video of the event.
The publication of the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change marks a key event in the international debate on climate change. The Summary for Policymakers in the first part of the Report (Working Group I contribution), focused on the physical science basis of climate change, has been released today, Sept. 27 2013.
The 2013 edition of the International Energy Workshop was held in Paris on June 19–21. In their interviews to Re3, keynote speakers Carlo Carraro, Jos Delbeke, David Hobbs, Jiang Kejun, Leena Srivastava and Jorge Vasconcelos discuss the challenges related to the intertwined issues of energy, climate and economic growth.
Concern over access to resources is high in EU political consciousness, given recent political instability and resource nationalism in resource-rich nations. The article offers an overview of the EU project POLINARES, aimed at identifying the challenges related to competition for access to resources, and at proposing approaches to collaborative solutions.
The first conference of the newly-born Italian Association of Environment and Resource Economists (IAERE) took place in Ferrara last February 8-9, 2013. Professor Marzio Galeotti, Chairman of the Association, describes its main goals and gives a brief overview of the event.
This article investigates the signaling role of environmental policy in promoting, or hindering, the ability of a monopolist to practice entry deterrence, showing that environmental policy can facilitate the incumbent firm’s concealment of information from potential entrants.
This article by FEEM researchers Fabio Eboli and Marinella Davide assesses the European Union's positive performance in achieving its own Kyoto Protocol target, unlike the other Annex I countries. The analysis highlights a quite heterogeneous situation across Member States. Nevertheless, the last COP shows that EU is willing to lead future climate change strategy.
Interviewed by Re3, EAERE president Karine Nyborg discusses the evolution of the Association since the start of its activities in 1990. A set of video interviews to EAERE 2012 conference keynote speakers and videos of the policy sessions complete the sketch.
The Global Energy Assessment is a major initiative launched at the RIO+20 conference to assess worldwide global energy challenges. Interviewed by FEEM, Thomas B. Johansson, Executive Committee Co-Chair of the GEA, and Nebojsa Nakicenovic, Deputy Director of the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, give an overview of the GEA report.
Carlo Andrea Bollino, Vice president of the Italian Association of Energy Economists and General Conference Chair of the 12th IAEE European Energy Conference, gives an overview of this year's main themes and challenges tackled during the conference.
In the aftermath of Rio+20, failures and successes can be assessed: if the reform of UNEP, the battle against environmentally harmful subsidies and the acknowledgement of Green Growth as a pillar of Sustainable Development fall below expectations, the voluntary pledges made in Rio and the post-2015 process for Sustainable Development Goals leave a glimmer of hope.
The UNCSD Rio+20 meeting is expected to define the future paradigms of sustainable development. This article presents an overview of the main obstacles toward achieving sustainable development, highlighting the limitations of the current measurement approaches.
While the earth summit Rio+20 is taking place, top scholars from IEA, KTH, CEPS, IIASA and EBRD discuss the main issues concerning Energy poverty which should be kept at the centre of the political and scientific debate.
In these interviews on the key topics under discussion at Rio+20, Derek Eaton, co-author of UNEP's Green Economy Report, presents an overview of the Green Economy principles, whilst Professor Ottmar Edenhoffer, co-chair of IPCC WGIII, warns that any step towards sustainability must consider putting a price on carbon.
Climate change costs and benefits for regional ecosystems are difficult to quantify. Using New York State as a case study, this article identifies which components of the ecosystems could face the greatest costs due to climate change, and suggests the areas that require more detailed investigation of impacts and adaptation options.
What happens when resource owners decide to extract their resources faster in order to protect themselves from future stricter climate policies? In this article Ines Österle reviews a selection of contributions to the Green Paradox literature and discusses the relevance of the theory for real world climate policies.
Over the last decade local communities in Sub-Saharan Africa, South America, Australia and Oceania have been pressed by multinationals to vacate their land. The Rome agreement, signed on May 11, 2012 by 124 states, calls for economic players to abide by the principles of common law and to negotiate property transactions with the local communities.
Standard public good games are concerned with the creation of a collective gain. Climate change, however, is about avoiding an uncertain public bad. This has been framed as a “collective-risk social dilemma” of sequential contributions to a public climate fund aimed at avoiding a probabilistic loss arising if the target is missed.
On the way to Rio + 20, international climate expert Robert N. Stavins briefly reviews some key points from twenty years of history of international climate negotiations, from the Rio Earth Summit in 1992 to the Durban Climate Conference in 2011, to explain how the “Durban Platform for Enhanced Action” has opened an important window in climate talks.
Over 20 years of research have failed to generate an alternative to GDP for well-being assessment around the world. FEEM has developed a new methodological approach to generate an aggregate Sustainability Index that describes the current picture of sustainability at world level and highlights potential improvements in the next future driven by ad hoc policies.
IEW N. 2013.01
Water and Sewerage Industries
European Monetary Union
EU Energy Policy
Foreign Direct Investment